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10 BENEFITS OF ONE PERSON COMPANY EVERY ENTREPRENEUR MUST KNOW

January 24, 2022by admin0

The Companies Act, 2013 came with the groundbreaking amendment that legalized ‘One Person Company’.

Earlier an entrepreneur who wanted to venture out alone had to go for the Sole Proprietorship.  This meant that entrepreneurs were prone to risks arising from unlimited liability. OPC was created with an aim to support young entrepreneurs who faced this problem.

The company is ‘a voluntary association of individuals’ this makes One Person Company an oxymoron.

Main differentiators of OPC compared to Sole Proprietorship are:

One person as shareholder/member/director

Registered as a Private Company

Has a common seal

Management rests with the promoter

Separate Finances for company and the promoter

OPC could be limited company; limited either by shares or guarantee

OPC could also be unlimited company

OPC should have the minimum paid up capital of rupees 1 lakh.

OPC cannot transfer its shares and it prohibited to invite public to subscription of its shares

Now that you know all the features, you would have understood that OPC is a mini version of a Private Company but without many legal strings attached.

Benefits of OPC compared to Sole Proprietorship are:

Limited Liability

Ownership or succession can be perpetually transferred

Separate legal entity, it’s seen as an artificial person with all constitutional rights

Separate property rights wherein the director in charge of making decisions on company’s behalf.

Credit history of company is scrutinized while borrowing funds

Corporate taxes are applicable

Restrictions imposed on OPC compared to Sole Proprietorship:

Shareholding

One person company has a sole director running the business. It also has a nominee director who would get the charge of business if the director passes away. Or becomes incapable of getting into contract. However, section 149 permits the promoter to appoint more than 15 directors after passing a special resolution.

Naming and Branding

‘One Person Company’ should always be mention with the name of the company. Foreign citizens, minors, nonresidents, a person incapacitated to contract can’t form an OPC.

Other Caveats

OPC can lose its special rights:

if it’s paid up capital exceeds RS 50 lakhs or

Average annual turnover exceeds 2 crores in 3 immediately preceding consecutive years

There are other important differences between One Person Company and a sole proprietorship. The below Infographics illustrate those contrasts between an OPC and a Sole Proprietorship.

Read also: 8 Benefits of Registering a Limited Liability Partnership

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#179/2, GVR Ikon, 10th A Main Road, Double Road, Indiranagar 2nd Stage, Bengaluru-560038
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